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Natural Resource Management

"Meeting present needs while not

compromising the future"

Globally it is clear that the political problems resulting from natural resources are much more common in countries with weak political institutions and a lack of checks and balances. Myanmar is blessed with an abundance of natural resources.

They range from exquisite gemstones and precious metals, to fertile land, luscious forests, life-giving river systems and one of the world's oldest oil and gas industries. But such a blessing comes with a big responsibility - to ensure these precious resources are managed responsibly for future generations.

Resource management, land management, land use planning and management of the impacts of all land uses are critical. Such management ensures the environment and resources remain productive for the future and that sustainable development – meeting present needs while not compromising the future - occurs.

  • Land


    Land and resource tenure systems define and regulate how people own and manage land and natural resources. Land systems are critical on various scales for many types of livelihood, such as farming, mining, forestry activities, agriculture and livestock raising.

  • Land Use Planning

    Land Use Planning

    Many models have been used internationally for land use planning. Common to all successful models is a philosophy of multi-sectoral approaches and multi-stakeholder involvement.

  • Oil & Gas Sector

    Oil & Gas Sector

    The oil and gas sector is enormously important for Myanmar's development. It's a sector with more than 100 years of history here and a potentially bright future with high gas prospectivity.

  • Mining Sector

    Mining Sector

    Myanmar is a country rich in mineral and precious stone natural resources. It is a global-scale producer of precious stones such as rubies, sapphires and jade. It has been estimated that 90 per cent of the world's rubies comes from Myanmar.

  • Hydropower Sector

    Hydropower Sector

    Hydropower has enormous potential as a renewable energy source. Spectrum's view is that pico, micro and small scale hydropower (less than 10MW) on tributary rivers, offer much to assist Myanmar's development.

  • Rubber Industry

    Rubber Industry

    Spectrum's work on rubber has included plantation mapping, looking at industry projections, examining land factors, forestry practices and environmental issues, along with labour and skills factors.

  • REDD+


    Deforestation and land use change – particularly in developing countries – are responsible for between 18-20% of global greenhouse gas emissions (IPCC 2007).

  • Climate Change

    Climate Change

    Climate change and environmental degradation are two of the biggest threats our world is facing. The pace of climate change is quickening and the poorest and most vulnerable communities are being hit the hardest.

  • Pollution/Toxics


    Marine biologist and conservationist, Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring (1962) was credited with dramatically advancing the global environmental movement. In her controversial work she warned the world of the dire environmental impact of harmful chemicals and fertilisers.


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